A key goal of the food system is to deliver food and nutrition security for all. These outcomes in turn influence the food system drivers. Food production has increased globally faster than population growth, and while food security has improved overall, there is still significant proportions of the population impacted by food insecurity.
In this section we present selected date on global food and nutrition security.
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Food Availability per capita
Food availability per capita has been on the increase globally. Although this is directly a result of food system activities, it is important to understand the distribution, nutritional impact, and the nutritional quality of this increase of food.
While global food security is not dependent on an increase of food production (if sustainable practices are adopted), some areas in the world are experiencing a decline in production.
An increased demand for cheap and empty calories is resulting in a serious nutritional problems globally. LICs and LMICs face a triple burden of nutrition, with Africa being the most affected.
Despite an improvement in quantities of food available for people, food safety remains an issue for much fo the world. A lack of food safety has significant implications for ensuring food security.
Displacement by Conflict
Conflicts and natural disasters severely impact food and nutritional security because of imbalanced and disrupted food systems, high pressure on resources and political insecurity.
The global distribution of risks associated with agri-food production systems disproportionately affects countries with high population, income inequality, and increased pressures from climate change, and have more vulnerable food systems.